Forex trading, also known as foreign exchange trading or currency trading, refers to the buying and selling of currencies on the global foreign exchange market. It is a decentralized market where participants trade currencies with the aim of profiting from the fluctuations in their exchange rates. Forex trading involves the simultaneous purchase of one currency and the sale of another, with the expectation that the value of the currency being bought will increase in relation to the one being sold. This market operates 24 hours a day, five days a week, and offers opportunities for individuals and institutions to speculate, hedge, or engage in international business transactions. Forex trading offers high liquidity, allowing traders to easily enter and exit positions, and provides potential for substantial profits, but also carries inherent risks.